Special Education Aide Job Description and Duties

Updated on: March 7, 2022
Special Education Aide Job Description

Working alongside lead special education teachers, special education aides assist in handling students with special needs.

These special needs may include emotional and behavioral disorders, communication issues and challenges, and physical disabilities.

The primary work of a special education aide is to make sure that he or she follows a pre-planned course of action to meet special education objectives.

As part of their work, special education aides employ a variety of methods within the classroom to interact with students on various levels.

Depending on their work and specific duties, special education aides may work with toddlers and even adults who have physical or mental limitations.

Special Education Aide Duties and Responsibilities

  • Assist special education teacher in developing classroom curriculum based on individual students’ needs
  • Provide support in imparting specialized education based on lesson plans
  • Perform specialized tasks to achieve instructional and behavioral objectives
  • Assist special education teacher with behavior modification procedures
  • Help students with personal care need such as toileting, clothing, hygiene, and washing up routines
  • Assist students with their mobility need and ensure the provision of a safe classroom environment
  • Provide instructions based on lesson plans and assist individual students in comprehending concepts
  • Monitor students during activities and downtime and intervene in case of adverse activities
  • Assist students at lunchtime by providing help with opening lunch boxes and drinking water
  • Adapt to classroom activities and assignments to serve the purpose of reinforcing classroom objectives
  • Apply and remove physical therapy equipment to students such as body braces and leg braces
  • Communicate with students to determine their needs and ensure that they are fulfilled properly
  • Assist lead teacher in developing and adapting conventional teaching methods to meet the individual needs of students
  • Observe students for changes in behavior or physical health and report observations to the lead teacher
  • Meet parents and guardians to discuss student’s progress and provide feedback
  • Create and submit student observation reports
  • Supervise and assist students during indoor and outdoor activities
Eligibility Criteria 

Since the position of a special education aide is a sensitive one, it is essential for people to possess an associate’s degree in education.

Some understanding of working with people with mental, emotional, and physical disabilities is desirable.

Many special education aides are explicitly trained to work along the curriculum lines of the institute that they are working for.


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