10 Guidelines for Writing an Effective Cover Letter and Resume

Updated December 3, 2021

Cover letters and resumes are crucial in helping you get a new job because they are the primary documents that prospective employers see.

If you fail to create an excellent first impression, you might not be called for the interview.

In fact, a cover letter and resume have the power to make a solid impression on your prospective employer before meeting in person.

If you desire to learn how to make compelling cover letters and resumes, here are 10 guidelines that will be helpful to write your own.

10 Guidelines for Writing Effective Cover Letters and Resumes

1. Select a legible font and ensure that there are sufficient margins on the left and right sides of your documents. Plain fonts such as Times New Roman, Verdana, or Arial can be smart choices.

2. Your cover letter must contain your address, contact number, and date. After that, you should write the name of the hiring manager, along with the correct address of the prospective company.

3. It is crucial that you create a professional-looking letter using the appropriate format and style. Search for different template samples where you can copy the format.

4. Include your phone number in the last paragraph or how you can be contacted by the employer. Sign your letter if you are sending it by regular mail.

5. Check and recheck for spelling, typos, and grammatical mistakes. If you wish to impress, begin from the basics. A single spelling mistake can turn off the prospective employer’s attention mainly if you are applying for a profession that requires keen attention to detail or written communication ability.

6. Do not duplicate your resume. Your cover letter should give a brief overview of your skills, experiences, and the reason why you think you are the most excellent for the job.

7. In your resume, list your experiences in sequential order. Start from the newest. This is a simple way for hiring managers to examine your employment record.

8. Do not use fancy words. Be short and direct. There are numerous applications that employers are looking at every day, and they might not have enough time to read a long story. Be short and to the point.

9. Ensure that you customize it as per the employer’s needs. Draw attention to your most relevant skills, experiences, awards, training, and activities.

10. Focus more on your accomplishments instead of listing your duties and responsibilities in your past positions held.


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