Electrical engineering refers to a broad range of duties pertaining to the design, deployment and maintenance of electrical systems and equipment. Some common designations within electrical engineering include Electronic Systems Engineer, Electrical engineer, Electrical Systems Engineer and Electrical Design Engineer.
Since the most common out of all these designations is that of an electrical engineer, let us talk about what an electrical engineer actually does. Electrical engineers are entrusted with designing electrical systems for different types of buildings including building wiring and communications. Depending on what their specific orders are, they design electrical solutions, handle implementation duties and maintain control of expenditures of the project. Once they have designed and implemented a system, they assume a supervisory role in which they are required to oversee other workers perform their duties.
The minimum education to work as an electrical engineer is a bachelor’s degree in electrical engineering. It is important for electrical engineers to know engineering concepts completely and to be able to supervise several teams of workers performing electrical work. An important part of an electrical engineer’s skills set is the ability to exercise authority so that deadlines can be met effectively.
• Prepare project specifications, budgets and timescales after conferring with clients
• Perform relevant research to determine how an engineering project will take off
• Develop and test electrical systems designs and implement them according to standard operating procedures (SOPs) set by the company
• Manage development and deployment of wiring systems, lighting, navigation systems and other utilities
• Test implemented electrical systems and isolate / report defects
• Perform corrective measures to ensure that defects are troubleshot in a timely manner
• Determine best possible routes for power supplies and power flow
• Integrate complex electrical components into existing and new electrical systems
• Conduct field investigations and create and file associated reports
• Perform system calculations including voltage drop, motor starting, load flow and short circuit studies
• Develop test requirements and ensure that all tests are performed and documented
• Develop project schedules and manpower requirements
• Operate computer-assisted design software to develop and edit initial electrical plans
• Perform calculations to establish standards and specifications pertaining to construction and manufacturing
• Generate specifications for electrical parts and incorporate them into existing or new systems
• Build electrical prototypes and assist in testing and modifying them
• Handle budgets and purchasing activities for electrical supplies and equipment
• Deploy electrical engineering staff to appropriate positions and disseminate work according to their specific abilities
• Prepare and submit documentation for each step an electrical systems installation and maintenance or modification