Doctor Job Description, Duties, and Responsibilities

Updated March 20, 2022
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The term doctor is usually used as a wide expression to explain an individual with a medical background.

Doctors can be classified into many further specializations such as cardiologists, pulmonologists, dermatologists, and many more.

However, the term “doctor” is usually used to describe a physician who has a background in medicine but is not necessarily a specialist.

Oddly enough, we call all specialists “doctors”, as well as they, are technically doctors but with a specialization.

Anyone who wants to become a doctor must attend medical school and receive proper training.

There is much on doctors’ plates because they deal with human lives each day and so much depends on their diagnosis and treatment. For most of us, doctors are people who can solve all our ailments and give us new lives.

This pressure makes doctors’ work difficult but if they have the proper training, they take it all in stride.

To be recognized as a good doctor, you must be aware of your limitations. You must know when a medical case is too complicated for you to handle and refer it to a specialist.

Related: Doctor Cover Letter

The following list of duties will give you a clearer idea of how a doctor spends his day.

Doctor Duties, Tasks and Responsibilities

• Interview patients to determine illnesses and diseases and ask pertinent questions about health issues.

• Take medical histories including past diseases and treatments and ask specific questions about any allergies that patients may have.

• Examine patients physically by checking vitals and vital organs such as the heart and lungs to determine the type of disease.

• Provide direct patient care by prescribing medicines and IVs according to the type of disease in question.

• Ensure that patients understand their disease by explaining every aspect and providing general health and particular disease education.

• Evaluate patients’ symptoms to diagnose diseases and prescribe corresponding medication.

• Take notes on each patient and make sure that all patients’ charts and records are updated.

• Track patients’ progress by observing changes and understanding new symptoms.

• Implement a medical plan of action and ensure that plan is being carried out in an appropriate manner.

• Make sure that any needed alterations in a medical plan are made immediately.

• Advise patients on how to prevent the onset of symptoms or diseases as part of the patient education program.

• Create and maintain liaison with other health professionals to ensure that patients get the quality of medical attention that they need.




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